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regulations  for  ll. m. programme  under  semester  pattern in  the  law  colleges  affiliated  to  the  university of KERALA

1.  scope

     (1)  The regulations framed herein shall apply to the LL.M. Programme under the Faculty of Law in the Law Colleges affiliated to the University.

     (2)  These regulations shall come into effect from the academic year 2001-02 onwards.

2.  Eligibility for admission

     (1)  Candidate who have secured a pass in the LL.B. examinations of Kerala University or any other Degree recognised as equivalent thereto by the Kerala University shall be eligible for admission to the LL.M. Programme.

     (2)  Reservation of seats shall be according to the rules framed in this regard by the University from time to time.

3.  Duration

     (1)  The normal duration of the LL.M. Programme shall be four semesters.
No students shall be permitted to complete the Programme by attending more than 8 continuous semesters.

     (2)  The duration of each semester shall be five months inclusive of examinations.  There shall be at least 90 instructional days in a semester and a minimum of 450 hours of instruction in a semester.

4.  Scheme and syllabus

     (1)  The aggregate marks shall be 1800 distributed as follows:

Semester I


           1.   Law and Social change                         100

           2.   Legal Education                                    100

           3.   Reseach Methodology                          100

           4.   Teaching Practical                                   50

           5.   Project Work                                         50

                                                               Total     400

Semester II

           1.   Legislative Process                               100

           2.   Judicial Process                                    100

           3.   Optional I                                             100

           4.   Optional II                                            100

           5.   Optional III                                          100

                                                                Total    500

Semester III


           1.    Optional IV                                           100

           2.    Optional V                                             100

           3.    Optional VI                                            100

           4.    Optional VII                                          100

                                                            Total           400

Semester IV

           1.    Optional VIII                                         100

           2.    Dissertation                                            300

           3.    Viva-Voce                                             100

                                                              Total         500

                                                      Grand Total   1800

     (2)  The Board of Studies in Law (PG) shall prepare the scheme and a broad outline of the syllabus for each paper, subject to approval by the Faculty of Law and the Academic Council.  It shall be the responsibility of every teacher to prepare a detailed course plan for the paper taught by him/her at the beginning of each semester.

5.  Evaluation

     (1)  Evaluation of each paper shall be done in two parts viz., 1. Continuous Assessment (CA),  2. End Semester Assessment (ESA).

     (2)  The distribution of marks shall be 25% for CA and 75% for ESA.

6.  Continuous Assessment

     (1)  The allocation of marks for each component under continuous assessment shall be in the following proportion :

           (a)    Attendance              ..            5

           (b)   Assignment              ..            5

           (c)    Tests                        ..          10

           (d)   Seminar                   ..            5

                                                Total       25

     (2)  There shall be no continuous assessment for dissertation and project.

     (3)  Attendance :

           The minimum attendance required for each subject shall be 75% of the total number of classes conducted for that semester.  Those who secure the minimum attendance in a semester alone will be allowed to register for the End Semester Assessment of the semester.  The allotment of marks for attendance shall be as follows:

                   Attendance less than 75%       ..        0 mark

                   75%                                       ..        2.5 marks

                   Above 75%                            ..        0.5 mark for every 5%

     (4)  Assignments:

           Each student shall be required to do not more than 2 assignments for each paper.  Valued assignments must be returned to the students.

     (5)  Tests:

           For each paper there shall be at least two class tests during a semester.  The probable dates of tests shall be announced at the beginning of each semester.  Marks for tests shall be awarded on the basis of the marks secured for the best of two tests.  Valued answer scripts must be made available to the students for perusal within 10 working days from the date of the test.

     (6)  Seminar:

           Students shall be required to present a seminar on a selected topic in each paper.  A maximum of 5 marks shall be awarded for the seminar. The evaluation of the seminar will be done by the concerned teacher’s handling the paper based on the presentation, seminar paper and participation in discussion.

     (7)  All the records of the continous assessment must be kept in the college and must be made available for verfication by the University if necessary.

7.  Project and Dissertation

     (1)  Every student shall be required to do a Project in the First Semester.  The Project shall be based on the empirical research carried out by the student.  The Principal shall assign a supervising, internally teacher to guide the project work.  The Project shall be evaluated by the Supervising Teacher and another teacher appointed by the Principal.  The average of the marks awarded by both the teachers shall be awarded to the student.

     (2)  Every student shall submit a dissertation within 15 days from the last date of the Final Semester Examination, the dissertation will be valued by a Board of 2 examiners appointed by the University.  The maximum marks shall be 300 of which 20% shall be allotted to Viva-Voce examination which shall be conducted along with the comprehensive viva.

8. End Semester Assessment

     (1)  End Semester Assessment of all the semesters shall be conducted by the University.  There shall be double valuation system of answer books.  The average of 2 valuations shall be taken into account.  If there is a variation of more than 10%, the answer books shall be valued by a third examiner.  The marks awarded by the third examiner shall be final.

     (2)  Publication of results:

           The results of the CA shall be displayed within a week from the last day of a semester.  The complaints, if any, shall be examined by the College Level Committee and it shall arrive at a decision regarding the awarding  of marks.

(3)          The marks awarded for various components of the CA shall not be rounded off, if it has a decimal part.  The total marks of the CA shall be rounded off to the nearest whole number.  The statement of marks of the CA of all the students in a semester shall be approved by the College Level Committee, countersigned by the Principal and forwarded to the Controller of Examinations within 10 working days from the last day of the semester.  Normalisation of the CA may be done by the University.

(4)          The results of the ESA shall be arranged to be published within 30 to 45 days from the date of the last examination.

 9. Pass requirement

     (1)  Those who secure not less than 40% marks of ESA for each paper and an aggregate minimum of 50% marks for all the papers of a semester shall be declared to have successfully completed the Semester.

     (2)  A candidate who has obtained 50% of the marks aggregate, but fails to obtain  40% or above in any paper/papers shall be exempted from appearing in any paper or papers in which he has secured 40% or above marks.

     (3)  Those who secure not less than 50% marks in any paper shall be exempted from appearing for that paper again.  The benefit of exemption shall be available in the case of project work and teaching practical in the first semester and dissertation and viva-voce in  the fourth semester.

           Those who have granted exemption under this clause shall be declared to have successfully completed the semester when they fulfill the requirement of clause 1 above.

           (i)   Those who are eligible for the benefit of exemption under these provisions shall not be permitted to write again the paper/papers
for which exemption has been granted.  This is applied
to project work and teaching practical in Semester I and
Dissertation in Semester IV.

          (ii)   If any candidate has already appeared for any paper for which
he/she was eligible for exemption, the better marks may be
awarded to that candidate.

          (iii)   In order to be eligible for exemption either under clause 9.2 or 9.3
the reference to 40% or 50% marks in any paper means 40%
or 50% of marks of End Semester Assessment, as laid down in clause 9.1.

         (iv)   Those who have successfully completed all the semesters of
the programme shall be declared to have successfully
completed the LL. M. Degree Programme.

10.  Classification of results

(1)  The classification of the results of the Programme shall be done at the end of the fourth semester based on the total marks secured for all semesters and shall be as follows:

Candidates securing not less than 50% but below 60% Second Class.  Candidates securing 60% and above—First Class.

(2)  Ranking:

Candidates who pass all the semester examinations in the First appearance within the minimum period prescribed for each semester shall be ranked on the basis of aggregate marks secured for all the semesters.

11.  Issue of Mark Lists

(1)  The mark lists of each of the first three semesters shall be issued immediately after the publication of the results of each semester.

(2)  Consolidated mark list showing the marks secured for all the papers of all the four semesters with classification will be issued immediately after the finalisation of the results of the final semester, by the University.

12.  Promotion to Higher Semesters

(1)  Students who complete the course, secure the minimum required attendance for all the papers of a semester and register for the University Examinations at the end  of the semester alone will be promoted to the higher semesters.

13.  Re-appearance of failed students

(1)  Students who fail to secure the minimum marks for a pass will be permitted to re-appear for the ESA of the concerned semester along with the next regular batch of students.  Failed candidates will have to appear for the whole examination of that semester.  They will not be allowed to repeat the course, but the marks secured by them for the CA part will be carried over along with the marks of ESA so
re-appeared.  Not more than two chances for re-appearance for each semester shall be granted.

(2)  Students who fail to secure the minimum required aggregate attendance during a semester will be given one more chance to repeat the semester along with the subsequent batch of students after obtaining
re-admission.  They have to repeat the CA of all the papers.

14.  Monitoring of the Programme

 Monitoring of the LL. M. Programmes shall be done at two levels—College level and University level.

(1)  College Level Committee:

    A Committee consisting of the Principal and 4 teachers engaged in
teaching LL. M. Course shall constitute the College Level Committee.  The Principal shall be the Chairman and a member nominated by the Principal shall serve as the Convener.  This Committe shall be responsible for the conduct of the LL. M. Programme, ensuring minimum instructional days, arranging ESA (University Examinations) of the various semesters etc.  Complaints of students regarding evaluation of CA should be considered by this Committee for taking appropriate decision.  The College Level Committee shall be reconstructed every year by the Principal immediately on commencement of the LL. M. Programme.

(2)  University Level Committee:

    There shall be a committee with the following members to monitor and supervise the conduct of the LL. M. Programme.

1.  The Pro-Vice Chancellor.

2.  A member of the Syndicate representing the teachers of the affiliated colleges nominated by the Vice Chancellor.

3.  Dean, Faculty of Law.

4.  Controller of Examinations.

5.  Director, College Development Council (D. C. D. C.)

The D. C. D. C. shall be the convener of the Committee.

This Committee shall be responsible for monitoring and conducting the
LL. M. Course in the affiliated colleges.  This committee shall finalise the academic calendar and supervise the conduct of ESA in the Colleges.  This Committee shall also serve as an appellate committee to examine complaints if any.

(3)  All committees mentioned under clauses 14.1 and 14.2 shall meet
at least three times in a semester, i. e., in  the beginning, middle and end of the semester.